K to 12 Agri-Fishery Arts – Animal Production (Large Ruminants) NC II Curriculum Guide

JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL TECHNICAL-VOCATIONAL-LIVELIHOOD TRACK

AGRI-FISHERY ARTS – ANIMAL PRODUCTION (LARGE RUMINANTS) NC II

Animal Production (Large Ruminants) NC II Curriculum Guide

This course on Animal Production (Ruminants) leads to National Certificate Level II (NC II). It is designed for high school students to enhance their knowledge, skills, and attitudes in accordance with industry standards.

It covers common competencies include
(1) application of safety measures in farm operations,
(2) use of farm tools and equipment,
(3) performance of estimations and calculations, and
(4) processing farm waste.

The core competencies include skills such as:
(1) maintenance of housing, farm implements, and surrounding areas;
(2) provision of forage;
(3) breeding of ruminants;
(4) raising dairy animals; and
(5) raising meat-type animals.

LEARNING COMPETENCIES

The learners…
1. Explain basic concepts in animal production
2. Discuss the relevance of the course
3. Explore career opportunities in animal production

PERSONAL ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCIES (PECS)

LO 1. Recognize Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies and Skills (PECs) needed in animal production
1.1 Compare one’s PECs with those of a practitioner/entrepreneur
1.2 Align one’s PECs with those of a practitioner/entrepreneur
1.3 Assess one’s PECs
1.4 Assess practitioner’s PECs

LO 2. Develop and strengthen personal competencies and skills (PECs) needed in animal production
2.1 Identify areas for improvement, development and growth
2.2 Align one’s PECs according to his/her business/career choice
2.3 Create a plan of action that ensures success of his/her business/career choice

ENVIRONMENT AND MARKET (EM)

LO 1. Recognize and understand the market in animal production
1.1 Identify the players/ competitors within the town
1.2 Identify the different products/services available in the market

LO 2. Recognize the potential customer/ market in animal production
2.1 Profile potential customers
2.2 Identify the customer’s needs and wants through consumer analysis
2.3 Conduct consumer/market analysis

LO 3. Create new business ideas in animal production by using various techniques
3.1 Explore ways of generating business ideas from ones’ own characteristics/attributes
3.2 Generate business ideas using product innovation from irritants, trends, and emerging needs
3.3 Generate business ideas using Serendipity Walk

LO 4. Develop a product/service in animal production
4.1 Identify what is of “value” to the customer
4.2 Identify the customer
4.3 Explain what makes a product unique and competitive
4.4 Apply creativity and innovative techniques to develop marketable product
4.5 Employ a USP to the product/service

LO 5. Select a business idea based on the criteria and techniques set
5.1 Enumerate various criteria and steps in selecting a business idea
5.2 Apply the criteria/steps in selecting a viable business idea
5.3 Determine a business idea based on the criteria/techniques set

LO 6. Develop a brand for the product
6.1 Identify the benefits of having a good brand
6.2 Enumerate recognizable brands in the town/province
6.3 Enumerate criteria for developing a brand
6.4 Generate a clear appeal

COMMON COMPETENCIES

LESSON 1: APPLYING SAFETY MEASURES IN FARM OPERATIONS (ASMFO)

LO 1. Determine areas of concern for safety measures
1.1 Identify work tasks in line with farm operations
1.2 Determine place for safety measures in line with farm operations
1.3 Determine time for safety measures in line with farm operations
1.4 Prepare appropriate tools, materials, and outfits in line with job requirement

LO 2. Apply appropriate safety measures
2.1 Use tools and materials according to specifications and procedures
2.2 Wear outfits according to farm requirements
2.3 Observe effectively /shelf life/expiration of materials strictly
2.4 Follow emergency procedures to ensure a safe work requirement.
2.5 Identify and report hazards in the workplace in line with farm guidelines

LO 3. Safe keep/dispose of tools, materials, and outfit
3.1 Clean and store used tools and outfit after use in designated areas
3.2 Label and store unused materials according to manufacturer’s recommendation and farm requirements
3.3 Dispose of waste materials according to manufacturer’s, government, and farm requirements

LESSON 2: USING FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT (UFTE)

LO 1. Select and use farm tools
1.1 Identify appropriate farm tools according to requirement/use
1.2 Check farm tools for faults
1.3 Report defective farm tools in accordance with farm procedures
1.4 Use safely the appropriate tools and equipment according to job requirements and manufacturers conditions

LO 2. Select and operate farm equipment
2.1 Identify appropriate farm equipment
2.2 Carefully read instructional manual of the farm tools and equipment prior to operation
2.3 Conduct pre-operation checkup in line with manufacturers manual
2.4 Identify and report faults in farm equipment in line with farm procedures
2.5 Use farm equipment according to its function
2.6 Follow safety procedures

LO 3. Perform preventive maintenance
3.1 Clean immediately the tools and equipment after use in line with farm procedures.
3.2 Perform routine checkup and maintenance
3.3 Store tools and equipment in designated areas in line with farm procedures

LESSON 3: PERFORMING ESTIMATION AND BASIC CALCULATION (PEBC)

LO 1. Perform estimation
1.1 Identify job requirements from written or oral communications
1.2 Estimate the quantities of materials and resources required to complete a work task
1.3 Estimate the time needed to complete a work activity
1.4 Make accurate estimate for work completion
1.5 Report the estimated materials and resources to appropriate person

LO 2. Perform basic workplace calculation
2.1 Identify calculations to be made according to the job requirement.
2.2 Identify correct methods of calculation
2.3 Ascertain systems and units of measurement to be followed
2.4 Perform calculations needed to complete a task using the four basic mathematical operations
2.5 Use appropriate operations to comply with the job requirement
2.6 Employ different techniques in checking accuracy of result

LESSON 4: PROCESSING FARM WASTE (PFW)

LO 1. Collect farm waste
1.1 Prepare tools and materials are for collection of farm waste
1.2 Collect waste following OSHS and waste collection requirements and plan
1.3 Collect dangerous and hazardous waste following the HAZMAT (hazardous material) protocol
1.4 Wear appropriate PPE as prescribed by OSHS

LO 2. Identify and segregate waste
2.1 Identify waste by categories according to industry standards and environmental legislation
2.2 Segregate wastes according to organizational requirements and relevant legislation
2.3 Label sorted waste is placed in container to avoid littering and prevent cross-contamination
2.4 Obtain information on waste by asking authority to ensure correct identification

LO 3. Treat and process farm waste
3.1 Handle dangerous and hazardous wastes according to organizational requirements and relevant legislation following OSHS procedures
3.2 Do processing of farm wastes following environmental legislation and codes.
3.3 Apply principles of 3Rs accordingly
3.4 Dispose of farm waste according to environmental legislation and codes

LO 4. Perform housekeeping
4.1 Display appropriate warning signs and labels in conspicuous places around the workplace
4.2 Clean work area according to 5S principles
4.3 Check tools according to established industry procedures and following user’s manual
4.4 Clean tools according to established industry procedures and following user’s manual
4.5 Stow tools according to established industry procedures and following user’s manual
4.6 Store materials following industry standard procedures and manufacturer’s specifications
4.7 Check PPE for damage prior to ensuring that clean and undamaged equipment is stored
4.8 Check storage facility to ensure no contamination in the area according to organizational requirements and legislation and codes
4.9 Perform record keeping according to industry requirements

CORE COMPETENCIES

LESSON 5: MAINTAINING HOUSING, FARM IMPLEMENTS AND SURROUNDING AREAS (MHFISA)

LO 1. Prepare for farm maintenance activities
1.1 Check farm and surrounding area for problems according to enterprise and DENR standards
1.2 Prepare equipment, tools and materials for maintenance activities according to OSHS
1.3 Record and report the condition of facilities to appropriate authority based on
enterprise requirements

LO 2. Maintain farm and housing facilities
2.1 Maintain farm based on enterprise standards
2.2 Control Pest and vermin according to industry procedures and environmental regulations (Environmental Management Standards)
2.3 Maintain animal housing and facilities according to BAI

2.4 Make farm supplies and tools available for maintenance according to farm requirements
2.5 Repair fence according to work requirements
2.6 Apply safety measures according to OSHS

LO 3. Apply bio-security measures.
3.1 Identify bio-security threats and hazards with reference to BAI-DA animal health standards
3.2 Apply bio-security measures according to BAI-DA standards and OSHS
3.3 Collect and maintain relevant record

LO 4. Perform work to completion
4.1 Maintain tools and materials according to established enterprise practices and following 5S principle
4.2 Store tools and materials according to established enterprise practices and following 5S principle
4.3 Dispose of farm waste according to DENR regulations and 3Rs principle
4.4 Prepare a report on work outputs and updates
4.5 Submit report on works outputs to concerned authority according to industry practices

LESSON 6: PROVIDING FORAGE (PFRG)

LO 1. Prepare area for forage plantation
1.1 Prepare tools, materials, and equipment according to work requirements and plan
1.2 Clear the forage area from unwanted vegetation and obstructions according to site plan
1.3 Prepare land according to site plan and production requirements
1.4 Set up the fence in the perimeter following site plan
1.5 Practice safety measures according to OHS procedures

LO 2. Plant forage species
2.1 Determine forage species to be planted according to types of ruminants and availability of forage species
2.2 Source out forage planting materials from recommended sources
2.3 Collect forage planting materials from reliable sources
2.4 Plant forage species according to plan and production requirements.
2.5 Perform task according to OSHS

LO 3. Maintain forage plants
3.1 Employ pest control measures according to Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)
3.2 Apply fertilizers according to plant requirements
3.3 Water plants according to plant requirements
3.4 Do other maintenance practices following GAP and plant requirements
3.5 Perform tasks following GAP and OSHS procedures

LO 4. Produce silage
4.1 Gather excess forages and other materials for silage following established farm procedures
4.2 Use silos according to supply of silage materials
4.3 Ensile according to standard procedures
4.4 Mix commercial silage additives according to enterprise requirements
4.5 Store forage silage following established storage requirements and condition
4.6 Inspect forage silage for quality check and improvement

LO 5. Perform work to completion
4.1 Clean tools and equipment according to established standard practice
4.2 Maintain tools and equipment according to established standard practice
4.3 Store tools and equipment according to established standard practice
4.4 Maintain clean and safe area throughout and on completion of work
4.5 Compile records of silage production for reference and reporting purposes following enterprise procedures and 5S principles
4.6 Report work output to concerned person or authority according to industry practice

LESSON 7: PERFORMING BREEDING OF RUMINANTS (PBR)

LO 1. Prepare animal stocks
1.1 Obtain breeds of animals suitable for meat, dairy and mixed-type/dual purpose based on breed standards and adaptability in the farm environment following instructions from authority
1.2 Place animals in suitable house and facilities following GAHP and Animal Welfare Act
1.3 Regularly feed and maintain animals following the Animal Welfare Act

LO 2. Breed ruminants
2.1 Prepare tools, materials, and equipment for breeding operations following breeding schedule and requirements
2.2 Follow breeding program for ruminants according to the business objective
2.3 Observe and record reproductive phenomena of ruminants following enterprise protocols
2.4 Report reproductive phenomena of ruminants following enterprise protocols
2.5 Breed ruminants naturally according to designed mating plan
2.6 When necessary, inseminate artificially small ruminant according to instructions of supervisor
2.7 Perform tasks following Animal Welfare Act
2.8 Practice Safety measures according to OSHS procedures

LO 3. Carry out monitoring activities.
3.1 Observe and record the breeding performance of ruminants following enterprise protocols
3.2 Report the breeding performance of ruminants following enterprise protocols
3.3 Treat unproductive animals according to the set standard
3.4 Dispose of unproductive animals according to the set standard
3.5 Gather and keep breeding and reproduction data regularly for evaluation according to enterprise protocols

LO 4. Feed the animals
4.1 Provide basal rations for ruminants at various physiological stages based on industry standard
4.2 Offer feed supplements like concentrates, minerals, and vitamins according to animal dietary requirements
4.3 Identify and practice grazing management for ruminants
4.4 Determine grazing capacity of the pasture based on pasture land condition

LO 5. Apply basic health care.
5.1 Report sick animals to appropriate authority
5.2 Provide assistance during implementation of medication program in accordance with enterprise standards and instructions of authority
5.3 Observe safety practices according to OSHS

LESSON 8: RAISING DAIRY ANIMALS (RDA)

LO 1. Handle dairy animals.
1.1 Separate and keep pregnant animals from the general herd in gestating pen.
1.2 Provide assistance during calving/ kidding according to GAHP
1.3 Feed lactating ruminants according to standards
1.4 Maintain lactating ruminants following production objective
1.5 Collect milk based on the standard procedures
1.6 Check milk for quality based on the standard procedures
1.7 Pasteurize the collected milk following standard hygienic procedures (HACCP)
1.8 Package the pasteurized milk following standard hygienic procedures (HACCP)

LO 2. Rear calves and kids
2.1 Rear newly born calf /kid according to the developed rearing system
2.2 Prepare tools and materials according to work requirements
2.3 Carry out routine feeding at prescribed feeding intervals
2.4 Identify and separate small and less vigorous calves and kids from others for specialized feeding
2.5 Separate calves / kids required for routine husbandry or animal health procedures
2.6 Monitor regularly the progress and
development of calves through weighing and/or visual appraisal
2.7 Report welfare and health abnormalities to the appropriate authority

LO 3. Rear dairy-breeder animals
1.1 Place dairy-breeder- animals-to-be in appropriate housing according to established farm procedures and GAHP
1.2 Feed animals according to prescribed feeding intervals
1.3 Report welfare and health abnormalities to the appropriate authority
1.4 Perform monitoring of animals regularly through weighing and/or visual appraisal
1.5 Select adult breeder for dairy-type animals
for breeding purposes according to breed’s standard
1.6 Cull male animals not intended for breeding

LO 4. Complete the operations
4.1 Keep and update animal and financial records derived from dairy operations according to industry standards
4.2 Maintain tools and materials according to manufacturer’s specification and enterprise protocol
4.3 Store tools and materials according to manufacturer’s specification and enterprise protocol
4.4 Clean the area according to enterprise protocol
4.5 Dispose of waste following environmental regulations and enterprise procedures

LESSON 9: RAISING MEAT-TYPE ANIMALS (RMTA)

LO 1. Provide assistance in management of meat-type animals
1.1 Provide assistance in preselection process of meat-type animals following instructions of authority and industry standards
1.2 Raise meat-type animals in complete/semi-confinement or under grazing conditions
1.3 Determine fattening period according to the target market weight
1.4 Manage unproductive animals according to the industry standards
1.5 Provide assistance in animal husbandry practices following GAHP technique

LO 2. Feed the animals
2.1 Identify basal rations for meat-type animals at various fattening periods based on feeding standard
2.2 Provide Basal rations for meat-type animals at various fattening periods based on feeding standard
2.3 Offer feed supplements like concentrates, minerals, and vitamins according to animal requirements
2.4 Identify feeding management for meat type animals
2.5 Practice feeding management for meat type animals
2.6 Determine grazing capacity of the pasture based on established pasture

LO 3. Apply basic health care
3.1 Report sick animals to appropriate authority
3.2 Provide assistance during implementation of medication program in accordance with industry standards and instructions of authority
3.3 Perform supplementation based on medication program
3.4 Observe safety practices according to OSHS.

LO 4. Perform work to completion
4.1 Select breeder for meat-type animals for breeding purposes according to breed standard
4.2 Prepare animals for market disposal following instructions of authority
4.3 Update and keep Animal records and financial records derived from meat-type animals according to industry standard
4.4 Dispose of waste according to enterprise protocol and environmental legislations
4.5 Maintain tools, materials, and supplies according to enterprise procedures
4.6 Store tools, materials, and supplies according to enterprise procedures
4.7 Do immediate reporting to authority following enterprise requirements

Technology-Livelihood Education and Technical-Vocational Track specializations may be taken between Grades 9 to 12.
Schools may offer specializations from the four strands as long as the minimum number of hours for each specialization is met.
Please refer to the sample Curriculum Map on the next page for the number of semesters per Agri-Fishery Arts specialization and those that have pre-requisites. Curriculum Maps may be modified according to specializations offered by a school.

Source: K to 12 Agri-Fishery Arts – Animal Production (Large Ruminants) NC II Curriculum Guide

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