Schools in Philippines

Schools in Philippines are the basic unit of governance in the system. Within schools are teachers and non-teaching staff.

Schools are classified as elementary schools, junior high schools, senior high schools, and integrated schools.
Schools are led by school heads—either principals, head teachers, or teachers-in-charge (for schools not having the minimum number of teachers to qualify for a principal). School heads are responsible for ensuring proper school-based management (SBM), stakeholder engagement, and LGU support/partnership.

Classification of Schools in the Philippines

Classification Public Private SUCs/LUCs PSO Total
Elementary School 37,496 6,263 6 43,765
Junior High School (JHS) 1,506 242 39 1,787
Senior High School (SHS) 231 1,099 73 1,403
JHS with SHS 6,491 906 93 7,400
Integrated School (Kindergarten to G10) 1,159 1,890 7 9 3,065
Integrated School (Kindergarten to G12) 538 2,856 29 24 3,447
Total Schools 47,421 13,256 247 33 60,957

LUCs – local universities and colleges, PSO – public schools overseas, SUCs – state universities and colleges
Source: Learner’s Information System (LIS) SY 2020-2021

Number of Schools and Plantilla in DepEd (Public and Private, Formal Education)

There is a total of 47,421 schools in the public school system (37,496 elementary schools, 1,506 junior high
schools, and 231 senior high schools [2021]). In addition, there are 13,256 schools that are privately run, 247
operated by state universities and colleges (SUCs) or local universities and colleges (LUCs). There are also 25,291 CLCs.

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Education in the Philippines is provided by public and private schools, colleges, universities, and technical and vocational institutions in the country. Funding for public education comes from the national government.

The educational system in the Philippines is handled by three government agencies.

  • The Department of Education (DepEd) sets overall educational standards and mandates standardized tests for the K–12 basic education system, although private schools are generally free to determine their own curriculum in accordance with existing laws and Department regulations.
  • The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) supervises and regulates the higher education level for colleges and universities.
  • The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) regulates and accredits technical and vocational education programs and institutions in the country.

By law, education is compulsory for thirteen years (kindergarten and grades 1–12) and is grouped into three levels:

  1. Elementary School (Kindergarten – grade 6)
  2. Junior High School (Grades 7 – 10)
  3. Senior High School (Grades 11 – 12).

Institutions of higher education may be classified as either public or private college or university, and public institutions of higher education may further be subdivided into two types: state universities and colleges and local colleges and universities.


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